A Nation Divided
7.8 A NATION DIVIDED: Westward expansion, the industrialization of the North, and the increase of slavery in
the South contributed to the growth of sectionalism. Constitutional conflicts between advocates of States rights
and supporters of federal power increased tensions in the nation; attempts to compromise ultimately failed to
keep the nation together, leading to the Civil War.
(Standards: 1, 3, 4; Themes: TCC, GEO, GOV, ECO)